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Khiva is a small city which according to archaeological data was established in the beginning of the Christian era. The town certainly existed by the 8th Century, as a minor fort and trading post on a Silk Road branch to the Caspian Sea and the Volga River. In the early 16th Century, Khiva was made capital of the Timurid Empire, becoming a busy slave market and pivot of the khanate for the next three centuries until Russia wrested the region from Timurid grasp in the 19th century.
We all enjoy a good fact or two - here are a few useful ones about Khiva: